1. Good evening all. Welcome to the first week Twitter conference on Promoting Social Media Engagement To Eradicate Sexual And Gender-Based Violence. #EndSGBVseries

2. I am Busayo Soyebo @bowalesoyebo, your Anchor, and our guest, is Adeoye Adenike Ruth @AdenikeG1. #EndSGBVseries

3. This Twitter Conference will last from 6pm-7pm Nigerian time. We will attend to your questions and contributions from 6:45pm. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1

4. I will welcome our guest for today, Adeoye Adenike Ruth @AdenikeG1 to take the floor. Before we answer your questions. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

5. Today, our focus is on Overview of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

6. We will be discussing about Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV), types, risk factors, and impacts/effects of SGBV on victims, families, society and the Nation as a whole. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

7. Before we move into our major discussion for today, let’s quickly review some basic information about Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV). #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

8a. Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) refers to any act that is penetrated against a person’s will and is based on gender norms and unequal power relationships. Which is a severe violation of several human rights.  #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

8b. United Nations defines Violence Against Women (VAW) as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life”. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

9. United Nations classifies SGBV into 5 types with. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

9a. SGBV Type I: Physical violence; it includes hitting, slapping, beating, punching, kicking, punching killing with or without weapons. This a form of violence that harm the body.

9b. SGBV Type II: Sexual Violence; is any “sexual act” attempt to obtain a sexual act, or other act directed against a person’s sexuality using coercion by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, it includes rape, sexual assault, sexual harassment unwanted sexual comments or advances. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

9c. SGBV Type III: Psychological/Emotional Violence; it includes psychological abuse, verbal violence. This can be subdivided into 2. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @newhumanitarian

9ci. Abuse/Humiliation: it refers to Non-sexual verbal abuse that is insulting, demeaning, degrading, compelling the victim/survivor to engage in humiliating acts, whether in public or private; denying basic expenses for family. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @newhumanitarian

9cii. Confinement: isolating a person from friends/family, restricting movements, deprivation of liberty or obstruction/restriction of the right to free movement. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @newhumanitarian

9d. SGBV Type IV: Socio-Economic Violence: violence that threatens income or source of livelihood. It includes discrimination and/or denial of resources/services/opportunity,

#EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @newhumanitarian

9e. SGBV Type V: Harmful Traditional Practices (forced marriages, female genetal mutilation): Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

9ei. It is estimated that over 200 million girls and women worldwide are living with or at risk of suffering the associated negative health consequences of FGM #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

9eii. Every year 3 million girls and women are at risk of FGM and are therefore exposed to the potential negative health consequences of this harmful practice. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

9eiii. FGM has no known health benefits, and those girls and women who have undergone the procedure are at great risk of suffering from its complications throughout their lives. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

9eiv. Moreover, the removal of or damage to healthy genital tissue interferes with the natural functioning of the body and may cause severe immediate and long-term negative health consequences. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @11Varceng @WHO

10. WHO indicate that about 1 in 3 (35%) of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

11. Risk factors of SGBV, lower levels of education (perpetration of sexual violence and experience of sexual violence); a history of exposure to child maltreatment (perpetration and experience). #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

12. …witnessing family violence (perpetration and experience); antisocial personality disorder (perpetration); harmful use of alcohol (perpetration and experience); having multiple partners or suspected by their partners of infidelity (perpetration). #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

13. …attitudes that condone violence (perpetration); community norms that privilege or ascribe higher status to men and lower status to women; and low levels of women’s access to paid employment. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

14. Violence causes serious short- and long-term physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health problems for women. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

15. It also affect their children, and lead to high social and economic costs for women, their families and societies. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

16. …have fatal outcomes like homicide or suicide, injuries, unintended pregnancies, induced abortions, gynaecological problems, and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

17. …depression, post-traumatic stress and other anxiety disorders, sleep difficulties, eating disorders, and suicide attempts, #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

18. …violence, particularly during childhood, can lead to increased smoking, drug and alcohol misuse, and risky sexual behaviours in later life. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

19. It is also associated with perpetration of violence (for males) and being a victim of violence (for females). #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

20. Children who grow up in families where there is violence may suffer a range of behavioural and emotional disturbances. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

21. Intimate partner violence has also been associated with higher rates of infant and child mortality and morbidity (through, for example diarrhoeal disease or malnutrition). #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

22. Social and economic costs impacts includes isolation, inability to work, loss of wages, lack of participation in regular activities and limited ability to care for themselves and their children. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WHO

23. Survivors of SGBV also face immense challenges in accessing affordable quality services, largely due to limited availability of SGBV referral centres, many of which are underfunded and have low capacity. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

24. Where services are available, women and girls face challenges in accessing services due to sociocultural norms, fear of stigma and discrimination. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

25. Situation in Nigeria reflects the global trend of increased gender-based violence. SGBV is reported to have significantly increased since the lockdown began on 30 November, 2020. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

26. 346 and 794 SGBV cases were reported from 24 states in March and April respectively depicting 56% increase in just two weeks of lockdown. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @UN

27. Having shared the overview of SGBV, we also understand that Adolescent and Young People need to be empowered through education in preventing SBGV. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

28. …there is need for action to sufficiently address the foundation of this menace at the early stage of appearance across LGAs, Towns and Communities. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

29. …there is a need to further engage and involve men and boys in addressing Violence Against Women (VAW) to build more effective and inclusive SGBV prevention and response intervention. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng  

30. Adolescents and Young People are uniquely impacted by SGBV: their young age and inexperience with relationships can heighten their risk for physical and sexual intimate partner violence. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

31. Being a victim of SGBV during adolescence can lead to long-lasting negative mental and physical health outcomes, and can set young women on a trajectory for subsequent abuse. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

32. Several research interventions with innovations to Address SGBV show promise in engaging with adolescents and Young People to reduce SGBV. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

33. Identifying effective ways to prevent forms of sexual andgender-based violence (GBV) among adolescents and youths is vital to reduce rates of GBV. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

34. Improving relationships: teaching assertive communication along with increased ability to manage family conflicts and develop sustainable intra and inter-relationships. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

35. This will increase teenagers’ ability to recognize signs of manipulation and abuse, as well as knowledge of risky behaviors. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

36. Reducing campus sexual assault: help young women collectively recognize gendered social norms that put all women at risk of experiencing sexual assault, and to build their confidence resisting men who mean them harm. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

37. Supporting adolescent mothers: plan and execute interventions sets out to prevent violence against adolescent girls and women by empowering adolescent mothers and providing physical, emotional, psychological health, and educational support before violence occurs. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

38. To promotes the development of mothers and their children, in hopes of preventing the emergence of cases of violence against them and in their homes. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

39. Comprehensive sexuality education: Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) which addresses violence and gender equality as well as sexual and reproductive health has been shown in some contexts to prevent intimate partner violence among adolescent and young people. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng @WBG_Gender

40. There is a need to also promote gender equality to prevent violence against women, shift cultural norms to SGBV, respond to SGBV of all forms and protect victim/survivor’s rights. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

41. The @policeNG, @CivilDefenceNGR and other agencies must be alerted towards this urgent call to prosecute every offender/perpetrator of any violence. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

42. For more information about SGBV you can visit www.worldbank.org/gender. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

43. To learn more about the #EndSGBVseries Campaign, you may follow our social media handles on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, using @Varceng. #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 and/or send us mail at info@varce.org or varceng@gmail.com.

44. At this point, I will end the presentation to give room for questions and contributions from participants. Thank you all for reading our tweets #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng

45. We implore you re-tweet this trend and also join us next Friday 6-7pm. Visit our social media page @Varceng and @AdenikeG1.  #EndSGBVseries @AdenikeG1 @Varceng