Transcript on “UNITE AND ACT TO END FGM” on Friday, 5th February, 2021

  1. Good evening all. Welcome to the weekly Twitter conference by @VarceNigeria on Eliminating Female Genital Mutilation. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  2. I am Adenike Adeoye @Denikeadeoye, your Anchor, and our guest, is Oluwatosin Olarewaju @tosinlarewaju. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  3. This Twitter Conference will last from 6pm-7pm Nigerian time. We will attend to your questions and contributions from 6:45pm. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  4. Today, our focus is on “International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM” and we will be discussing on the theme “Unite and Act to End FGM”. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  5. We will be discussing ways that uniting and acting to end FGM can Accelerate the Campaign to End FGM. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  6. I will take the first part of this discussion, while my colleague will be on hand to take the main part, before we answer your questions. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  7. Before we move into our major discussion for today, let’s quickly review some basic information about Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  8. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  9. The World Health Organisation (WHO) classifies FGM into 4 types. WHO classifies FGM/C into four categories with subdivisions. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria

9a. FGM Type I: partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce (Clitoridectomy). The 2 subdivisions are, FGM Type Ia: removal of the prepuce/clitoral hood (circumcision) and FGM Type Ib: removal of the clitoris with the prepuce #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria

9bi. FGM Type II: Partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (excision) #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria

9bii. The 3 subdivisions are of FGM Type II are; FGM Type IIa: removal of the labia minora only; FGM Type IIb: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora; and FGM Type IIc: partial or total removal of the clitoris, the labia minora and the labia majora #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria

9ci. FGM Type III: Narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the creation of a covering seal by cutting and a positioning the labia minora and/or the labia majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infibulation). #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria

9cii. The 2 subdivisions are, FGM Type IIIa: removal and a positioning the labia minora with or without excision of the clitoris; and FGM Type IIIb: removal and a positioning the labia majora with or without excision of the clitoris. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria

9d. Type 4 Unclassified; refers to all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, including cauterization, pulling, incision, piercing, pricking, and scrapping for non-medical reasons. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria

  1. It is estimated that over 200 million girls and women worldwide are living with or at risk of suffering the associated negative health consequences of FGM #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  2. It is estimated that 4.1 million girls are at risk of FGM. And because of population growth, this number is projected to rise to 4.6 million girls in the year 2030. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  3. FGM has no known health benefits, and those girls and women who have undergone the procedure are at great risk of suffering from its complications throughout their lives. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  4. The procedure of FGM is painful and traumatic, and is often performed under unsterile conditions by a traditional practitioner who has little knowledge of female anatomy or how to manage possible adverse events. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  5. Moreover, the removal of or damage to healthy genital tissue interferes with the natural functioning of the body and may cause severe immediate and long-term negative health consequences. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  6. The practice of FGM is prevalent in 30 countries in Africa and in a few countries in Asia and the Middle East, but also present across the globe due to international migration #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  7. FGM practice is deeply rooted in a strong cultural and social framework. It is endorsed by the practicing community and is supported by loving parents who believe that undergoing FGM is in the best interest of their daughter. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  8. The beliefs sustaining the practice of FGM vary greatly from one community to another, although there are many common themes. However, the primary reason is that it is part of the history and cultural tradition of the community. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  9. Despite its cultural importance, we need to acknowledge the fact that FGM is a harmful traditional practice that violates the rights of girls and women. Therefore, FGM has to be eliminated. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  10. FGM is declining in the majority of countries where it is prevalent, most of these are also experiencing a high rate of population growth, meaning that the number of girls who undergo FGM will continue to grow if the practice continues at current levels. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  11. An estimated 68 million girls are at risk of being mutilated by 2030. Protecting them will take a significant push to accelerate the abandonment of this harmful practice. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  12. For more information about FGM you can visit http://www.who.int or watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f0-dYD9cYKo&t=80s #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  13. To promote the abandonment of FGM, coordinated and systematic efforts are needed, and they must engage whole communities and focus on human rights and gender equality. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  14. They must also address the sexual and reproductive health needs of women and girls who suffer from its consequences. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  15. Unless efforts to end FGM are intensified. If FGM continues at the current rates, an estimated 68 million girls will be cut between 2015 and 2030 in 25 countries where FGM is routinely practiced and relevant data are available. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  16. Collective abandonment, in which a whole community chooses to no longer engage in FGM, is an effective way to end the practice. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  17. …to ensures that no single girl or family will be disadvantaged by the decision. Many experts hold that FGM will only end through collective abandonment. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  18. The decision to collectively abandon FGM requires a process in which communities are educated about FGM, and then discuss, reflect and reach consensus on the issue. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  19. The health and human rights aspects of FGM should feature prominently in these dialogues, and local and grassroots organizations should play an important role in raising awareness and educating communities. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  20. When communities choose to abandon the practice, they often participate in a collective public declaration to keep their girls uncut, such as signing and circulating a public statement or hosting festivities to celebrate the decision. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  21. Neighbouring communities are often invited to these events so they can see the successful process of abandonment, helping to build momentum for collective abandonment elsewhere. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  22. About 1 in 5 girls who have been subjected to FGM had the procedure performed by a trained medical professional. In some countries, this number is as high as 3 in 4 girls. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  23. FGM can never be “safe” and there is no medical justification for the practice. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  24. As global cases of COVID-19 hit grim milestones and exacerbate other crises, Female Genital Mutilation urgent priorities as pandemic threatens progress. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  25. The end of female genital mutilation comes from the heart of a community, reasons why we need to unite and act to end FGM. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  26. There is a need to further strengthen health services to prevent FGM and to treat the complications it can cause. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  27. There is a need to further works with civil society organizations that engage in community-led education and dialogue sessions on the health and human rights aspects of the practice. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
    37… also works with media to foster dialogue about the practice and to change perceptions of girls who remain uncut. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  28. There is a need to further engage the judiciary and the security agencies toward the enforcement of these laws to avoid having them as just virtual accomplishments. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  29. There is a need to also reorient the personnel in the judiciary and security agencies on the prohibitation law. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  30. The @policeNG, @CivilDefenceNGR, Nigerian Prisons and other agencies must be alerted towards this urgent call to prosecute every offender of this harmful practice. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  31. To learn more about the #EndSGBVseries, please visit
    for information. #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  32. You may also follow our social media handles on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube, using @VarceNigeria #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  33. At this point, I will end the presentation to give room for questions and contributions from participants. Thank you all for reading our tweets #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria
  34. We implore you re-tweet this trend and also join us every other Friday 6pm-7pm. Visit our website www.varceng.org #EndSGBVseries @Denikeadeoye @VarceNigeria @UNFPANigeria @WHONigeria